Both data security and data privacy are strongly interconnected to each other but are not the same. Understanding the differences of data security vs. data privacy will help you to understand better how each of them works and how they complement each other.
In short, data privacy is all about authorized access, concerning who has it and who defines it. Data security, on the other hand, is about securing data against unauthorized access. In other words, data security is about the technical implementation of what data privacy dictates.
These simple differences are significant because they have implications for privacy and cybersecurity, which, in turn, have enormous consequences on business, politics, and society as a whole. Industries that are subject to compliance standards have to adhere to privacy laws and other legal implications. But as things are today, trying to ensure data protection may also not comply with every compliance standard.
The Legal Lingo
With the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) now in place, businesses need to protect the “personal data and privacy of EU citizens for transactions that occur within the EU.” Now, even though this might seem like something similar to the US, there is a significant difference concerning how the EU and US look at identification information.
While under GDPR compliance, companies need to use the same level of data security for both stored personally identifiable information such as social security numbers, as well as cookies. And even though the GDPR applies to the EU, it also applies to anyone that has dealings within the EU.
What Is Data Security
As we’ve said in the beginning, data security focuses on the technology and tools required to deter cybercriminals from getting their hands on your information such as social security numbers, credit cards, accounts, etc.
Among these tools, we have things such as data classification, identity and access management, permissions management, user behavioral analytics (UBA), etc. By using these tools together, IT security professionals can help protect your information from being stolen.
What is Data Privacy
Privacy sits comfortably at the core of any truly democratic society. In other words, every individual has the right to privacy in the comfort of their own homes and can freely express their opinions behind closed doors without any unwanted attention or scrutiny from someone else.
What it means in the context of digital security is that there needs to be some balance between a person’s right to privacy and how far data security can go. There is no point in having more data security if people’s right to privacy will also be lost, in the process.
Websites that record your keystrokes, apps that secretly gather information from your phone, or passively track your every move are a few examples of this. Employees should receive regular training on both security and privacy so they can better understand the process, procedures, and ramifications that both imply in handling sensitive data.
With the GDPR, EU citizens now have strong privacy rights that include the possibility to access their data, delete it, and require explicit opt-in consent. Everyone doing business within the EU zone will also have to comply with these regulations.
In the US, however, things are somewhat divided by industry. For finance compliance regulations, there is the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which requires companies that offer financial services to explain their information-sharing practices with their clients and protect their sensitive data.
In terms of healthcare compliance regulations, there is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). This regulation has both privacy and security rules put in place. It covers clinical applications such as radiology, pharmacy, electronic health records, and laboratory systems.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. Finally, the Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIs) is a security policy that covers the lawful use and appropriate protection of criminal justice information.
If you want to keep yourself informed on these issues; feel free to check out our website. What’s more, our IT professionals and engineers have 23 years of combined experience and are more than qualified to find solutions to all of your security concerns. Contact us today to schedule an assessment.